rigid 1 *stiff, inflexible, tense, stark, wooden
Analogous words: *firm, hard, solid: compact, *close: tough, tenacious, *strong
Antonyms: elastic
Contrasted words: resilient, flexible, supple, springy (see ELASTIC)
2 Rigid, rigorous, strict, stringent are often used interchangeably in the sense of extremely severe and stern, especially when applied to laws or imposed conditions or to the persons who enforce them. There are, however, differences in implications and in range of application. Basically rigid and rigorous imply extreme stiffness or utter lack of elasticity or flexibility, while strict and strin-gent imply tightness so extreme as to permit no looseness, laxity, or latitude. These implications are preserved in their extended uses.
Rigid (see also STIFF) in extended use is applied less often to persons than to their acts or to the conditions the persons make for themselves or others; it usually suggests uncompromising inflexibility

rigid laws


rigid discipline


a rigid system, faithfully administered, would be better than a slatternly compromise— Benson

Rigorous is applied to persons, to their acts, to their way of life, and to the natural or artificial conditions under which they live. It commonly implies imposed severities or hardships; thus, a rigid rule admits of no change or compromise, but a rigorous rule imposes exacting or harsh conditions; a rigorous enforcement of a law makes the people feel its rigors; a rigid enforcement of a law admits of no relaxations in anyone's favor; one can speak of a rigorous winter, a rigorous disciplinarian, the rigorous life of an explorer or a monk.
Strict is applied chiefly to persons or their acts and denotes showing or demanding undeviating conformity to rules, standards, conditions, or requirements; thus, a strict rule demands obedience; a strict teacher may impose rigorous discipline and adhere to a rigid system of grading; a strict watch admits no relaxing of vigilance, and strict silence no freedom to speak; a strict construction of a law is one confined to the letter of that law

the strictest obligations of intellectual honesty— Inge


strict justice, either on earth or in heaven, was the last thing that society cared to face— Henry Adams

Stringent is to strict as rigorous is to rigid, in that it usually emphasizes the effect or effects rather than the presence of a quality in an agent or his act. Both stringent and rigorous connote imposition, but stringent suggests impositions that limit, curb, or sometimes coerce; thus, a stringent rule narrows one's freedom or range of activities; a stringent interpretation of the constitution may either be narrower or more restrictive in its effects than the letter of the constitution warrants; poverty may be described as stringent when it narrows one's opportunities to satisfy one's aspirations; necessity may be called stringent when it forces one to live within bounds or forces one into distasteful acts

he endeavors by the most stringent regulations to prevent the growth of inequalities of wealth— Dickinson


colleges with the most stringent admissions requirements— Frederiksen


with energy sufficiently great to burst the bounds of the most stringent confinement— Rogow

Analogous words: *inflexible, inexorable, obdurate, adamant, adamantine: stern, *severe, austere
Antonyms: lax

New Dictionary of Synonyms. 2014.


Look at other dictionaries:

  • rigid — RIGÍD, Ă, rigizi, de, adj. 1. Care nu se deformează sub acţiunea forţelor exterioare. ♦ Care este lipsit de flexibilitate; ţeapăn, neflexibil. 2. fig. (Despre oameni) Care nu îngăduie abateri; dur, sever, neînduplecat, intransigent. ♦ (Despre… …   Dicționar Român

  • Rigid — Rig id, a. [L. rigidus, fr. rigere to be stiff or numb: cf. F. rigide. Cf. {Rigor}. ] 1. Firm; stiff; unyielding; not pliant; not flexible. [1913 Webster] Upright beams innumerable Of rigid spears. Milton. [1913 Webster] 2. Hence, not lax or… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • rigid — [rij′id] adj. [L rigidus < rigere, to be stiff, numb < IE base * (s)rig , cold > FRIGID] 1. not bending or flexible; stiff and hard [a rigid metal girder] 2. not moving; set 3. severe; strict; exacting [a rigid taskmaster] 4 …   English World dictionary

  • Rigid VI — Rigid the Sixth was a devoted husband and father, and was also very fond of animals, in marked contrast to his predecessors who had spent most of their spare time shooting arrows into the wild boars who roamed the palace corridors. Rigid was also …   Dictionary of Australian slang

  • Rigid — (v. lat.), 1) starr, spröde; 2) streng, hart, unerbittlich; daher Rigidiōres (Strengere), welche an dem Lehrbegriff der Kirche streng halten. Rigidisten, eine Partei der Jansenisten, welche auf ein festes Halten an der alten Kirchenordnung… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Rigīd — (lat.), starr, streng; Rigidität, Strenge …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Rigid — Rigīd (lat.), starr, streng; Rigidität, Starrheit, Strenge …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Rigid — Rigid, lat. dtsch., starr, steif, spröde; streng, hart; R. ität, Steifheit, Starrheit; Strenge …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • rigid — I adjective austere, dour, durus, exact, exacting, firm, firmly set, fixed, flinty, formal, hard, harsh, hidebound, indurate, indurated, indurative, inelastic, inexorable, inflexible, intractable, motionless, obdurate, obstinate, orthodox,… …   Law dictionary

  • rigid — rigid[e]:⇨unnachgiebig(1) …   Das Wörterbuch der Synonyme

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